R134a Pressure Chart | AC Pressure Chart | WarnockAuto (2024)

If you are confident with your A-C compressor it means then it is operating at an optimal capacity. But of course, it operates as an element in refrigeration so it might develop some malfunction over time.

If you are to deal with such an issue on your own and in a safe fashion then you need to understand how to interpret the reading provided by the A-C compressor unit.

You can always hire an A-C pro help if you don’t know how to read it. But the serviceman you are hiring needs to have the expertise to identify the problem within the compressor unit.

In this article, we are going to find everything about what an R134a chart is and how it works.

What is the meaning of R134a?

R134a is a type of refrigerant and it is quite commonly used in a range of different homes as well as industrial appliances. All these appliances come with a refrigeration unit fitted to them and it is called a compressor.

Within the compressor, these appliances have R134a refrigerant or coolant. This refrigerant allows the compressor to effectively perform all its designated functions.

Now, when you add a gauge or a meter to understand the current operational status of this compressor you will have to deal with different readings, and for that, you will need your R 134a chart.

How Does the R134a Pressure Chart Help?

The gauge displays different pressure readings during operation and to interpret those readings against temperature, you will need a pressure chart, or an R134 pressure chart to be precise.

This pressure chart has three different columns within a table and it has all the readings on it. The three columns are titled high side pressure columns, low side pressure columns, and temperature columns.

Usually, it is called an AC pressure chart but because we are talking about the 134a refrigerant, therefore, we will address it as an R134a pressures chart. This chart provides us with the relation between temperature and pressure of the 134a refrigerant.

Different Components of R134a Pressure Charts

Ambient TemperatureLow Side PressureHigh Side Pressure
110℉50 → 55 PSI335 → 345 PSI
105℉50 → 55 PSI325 → 335 PSI
100℉50 → 55 PSI300 → 325 PSI
95℉50 → 55 PSI275 → 300 PSI
90℉50 → 55 PSI250 → 275 PSI
85℉50 → 55 PSI220 → 250 PSI
80℉45 → 50 PSI175 → 220 PSI
75℉40 → 45 PSI150 → 175 PSI
70℉35 → 40 PSI140 → 165 PSI
65℉25 → 35 PSI135 → 155 PSI

Primarily there are two components of the R 134a pressure temperature chart: one is temperature and the other is pressure. But there are two different columns of pressure readings. One of them is high side pressure and the other one is low side pressure.

The gauge that is there on the refrigeration component also features two meters. One of the meters shows high-pressure readings while the other one shows low-pressure readings.

This pressure chart for R 134a details the relationship between pressure and temperature. So is it really important? Yes, you can use this chart to find out whether your A-C compressor is in the need of a refrigerant recharge or not.

These readings can also tell you whether the compressor is working at its best or not. But finding out these readings is a pretty hectic and time-consuming job and this is where the pressure chart comes in. but even using this chart is not a walk in the park and for the best results you have to measure it against the readings of pressure.

In other words, you have to understand what each of these readings stands for. To properly interpret the reading you will have to read both sides of the gauges and the table. But to ease things down a bit, it is more important that you focus on the low-pressure gauge and compare it with temperature readings.

Reading the low side of the pressure-temperature chart

The rule of thumb is that a compressor that is performing well gives off low numbers on the low-pressure gauge. It means that the compressor doesn’t need any cleaning and it is also getting proper airflow. It will allow you to read and interpret the pressure-temperature chart more effectively.

This is a no-brainer because only a good compressor can keep working at low pressure even in high temperatures. But it also indicated two other things.

  • The A-C compressor unit is currently not engaged and hence there is altering displacement in the compressor’s operation.
  • Or the operation of your compressor is failing and you have to replace it.

On the other hand, if the low side pressure is high on the chart, it means,

  • You need to look at the condenser fan and see that it is working properly or not. There might be some dirt that is clogging it which causes obstruction in the air.
  • The flow of refrigerant might also obstruct the compressor.

When the system pressure is low on the low side of the chart and the temperature is high, it means that the overall system is not functioning at an optimal level.

Apart from that, when you see that the pressure-temperature chart is indicating almost equal system pressure on both sides then,

  • The displacement function of the AC compressor might not be working and you have to check it.
  • There is an expansion valve in the air conditioning and it may not be working. In simple words, your A-C compressor might be failing.

Normal Operating Pressures For R 134a Refrigerant

The pressure gauges for this refrigerant stays between 22 PSI and 57 PSI (pounds per square inch). But you have to keep in mind that there are two different sides to this chart. And you have to consider the low as well as the high side.

Hence, the normal low-pressure side for R 134a needs to be less than 90 degrees. Plus, the PSI should be right around 30.

Why is Low Side Pressure High?

Going through the entire text above, you will come to know that low side high pressure on the chart is not a good sign. It is because the A-C compressor system of your car might be failing and you have to service it.

When having a closer look, your technician might end up noting one or all of the following situations,

  • The technician might determine that the condenser fan is not running because of the clogged dirt. It is causing an obstruction in the airflow.
  • Or there is a chance that the technician might find out that the refrigerant is not flowing properly either.

Final Word

A pressure-temperature chart is a useful tool for every car A-C system or appliance technician. It is equally important for a home inspection and commercial interpretation.

This table assists in scrutinizing, identifying, and resolving several problems that might arise due to refrigerants within different systems. Therefore, if you are a car or appliance technician you will need to have this chart in your kit at all times. You can also watch this video for further assistance.

R134a Pressure Chart | AC Pressure Chart | WarnockAuto (2024)

FAQs

R134a Pressure Chart | AC Pressure Chart | WarnockAuto? ›

If you think that you have an issue with your A/C system but you are not sure which component is causing the malfunction it is a good idea to hook your compressor up to a pressure gauge. An A/C System that is working properly should have 150 PSI on the high side and 30 PSI on the low side.

What are normal AC pressures in R134a? ›

R-134A System Pressure
Ambient (outside) Temperature °FStandard Low Side Pressure Range PSIStandard High Side Pressure Range PSI
6525-25135-155
7035-40145-160
7535-45150-170
8040-50175-210
3 more rows

What should the high and low side pressures be? ›

If you think that you have an issue with your A/C system but you are not sure which component is causing the malfunction it is a good idea to hook your compressor up to a pressure gauge. An A/C System that is working properly should have 150 PSI on the high side and 30 PSI on the low side.

What is the filling pressure of R134a? ›

For the measured ambient temperature (28°C), find out till what value should the HP gauge needle should climb from the R134a temperature pressure reference chart. It should be between 190 - 230 psi. Open the LP valve to charge the refrigerant in short intervals so the HP gauge needle climbs up to this value and stop.

What are good AC pressure readings? ›

Note: The most ideal pressure readings are around 150 high and 30 low.

What should be the suction and discharge pressure for R-134a? ›

The optimal operating pressure of an R 134a cooler ranges depending on the temperature. The evaporator (low side) typically operates around 22-25 psig, while the condenser (high side) runs about 150-175 psig.

What is the normal pressure for AC gas? ›

But the necessary pressure varies according to the type of gas being used: R22 - 60 to 65 PSI. R32 - 110 to 120 PSI. R410 - 115 to 400 PSI.

What does it mean when both gauges read the same pressure? ›

If nothing changes and the gauges stay at equal pressures, it would indicate that either the compressor is faulty or the reversing valve (this operates to give us heat when the system is in heat mode) is stuck mid-way.

How do you read a refrigerant pressure chart? ›

With the blend you read the saturated temperature next to the pressure in the liquid (bubble point) column of the chart. For a single-component or azeotropic refrigerant, the operating pressure for the low side of a system can be found by cross referencing the desired coil temperature on the PT chart.

What should gauges read on 134a? ›

Different refrigerants will have different figures. IMPORTANT - UNDERSTAND WHAT NORMAL GAUGE READINGS ARE. As the ambient temperature rises the red gauge rises (40psi up to 225psi) and the blue gauge remains at a constant low (20psi to 35psi).

Why is my AC pressures good but not cooling? ›

Your home air conditioner may be on but not cooling because: Your air filter is dirty and clogged which restricts air flow. You may have a blocked or clogged condenser coil. The coils may be frozen.

What is the pressure for 134a when the bottle is stable and it is 90 degrees? ›

°F°CPRESSURE (psig)
9032.2104.3
9233.3108.1
9434.4112.0
9635.6115.9
78 more rows

How cold should r134a get? ›

On r134a systems about you want about 15-20 degrees of subcool.

What is normal AC freon pressure? ›

Most technicians in the HVAC field know the normal range of operation for the low-pressure side of an air conditioning system. This tends to be around 60 PSI to 85 PSI for R-22 and 105 PSI to 143 PSI for R-410A and is dependent upon operating conditions.

What PSI should air conditioner refrigerant be? ›

Steps to Check Refrigerant Levels

Turn on the air conditioner and observe the pressure readings, which should be between 30-40 PSI for most systems (though some may require higher or lower pressures).

What are normal refrigerant pressures? ›

These systems can be broadly divided into two main categories based on temperature and pressure; low-temperature and medium-temperature systems. Low-temperature systems operate at a pressure between 0-50 psi, while medium-temperature systems range from around 50-250 psi.

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